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Masonry Inspections

Tests are performed per ASTM C1314, C109, C90, C140, C129, C952, E515 and applicable codes/ standards/ specifications.
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Masonry has been around for thousands of years. Recently, the sophistication of masonry has evolved to be more complex. As do the evolution of complexity of designs increases, so too must the inspection to verify that such work in the field is being done as per design.
Inspection is a way of ensuring that builders are doing what the design professional intended, and ultimately, that the owner is getting what they want.
There are many details that require inspection as your masonry construction is in progress
A pre-construction conference with the masonry contractor, the construction manager and the special inspection agency is very important if not a requirement of the specification; we would request a kick-off meeting prior to the start of work.
  • Vertical Masonry Foundation Elements
  • Post- Installed Anchors in Masonry

There are many details that require inspection as your masonry construction is in progress. Masonry construction includes but is not limited to a variety of details many of which require verification that the materials have been installed properly.

A good inspection program includes a pro-active approach that includes the special inspector, construction manager and contractor to verify the proper CMU and brick are being used, in addition to the steel reinforcement and anchorage, vapor barrier and drainage systems, expansion and control joints, weep systems, seismic control systems, jointing, grout, mortar. To avoid problems in the future, are penetrations required to have reinforced openings and are they in place as the partitions are being constructed, has access been considered for the fire stopping trade that follows.

  • MASONRY INSPECTION PAGE (http://aeisllc.com/masonry.html)
  • Typical Codes and Standards referenced in Masonry sections of the project specifications:
  • New York City Building Code.
  • ASTM A 615: Standard Specification for Masonry Joint Reinforcement.
  • ASTM C 62: Standard Specification for Building Brick.
  • ASTM C 67: Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Glazed Tile.
  • ASTM C 90: Standard Specification for Loadbearing Concrete Masonry Units.
  • ASTM C 140: Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units
  • ASTM C 143: Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete.
  • ASTM C 216: Standard Specification for Facing Brick.
  • ASTM C 270: Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry.
  • ASTM C 476: Specification for Grout for Masonry.
  • ASTM C 780: Test Method for Preconstruction and Construction Evaluation of Mortars for Plain and
  • Reinforced Unit Masonry.
  • ASTM C 1019: Test Method for Sampling and Testing Grout.
  • ASTM C 1314: Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Masonry Prisms.
  • ASTM C 1386: Standard Specification for Precast Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) Wall
  • Construction Units.
  • Reinforced Concrete Masonry Construction – Inspectors Handbook.
  • Reinforced Grouted Brick Masonry.
  • Building Code Requirements for Masonry Structures (TMS 402-XX / ACI 530-XX / ASCE 5-XX).
  • Specification for Masonry Structures (TMS 602-XX / ACI 530.1-XX / ASCE 6-XX).
The New York City Building Code sections relative to the above; include but are not limited to:

  • NYC BC 1704.5 Masonry Construction.
  • NYC BC 1704.5.1 Empirically designed masonry, glass unit masonry and masonry veneer buildings in structural occupancy category IV.
  • NYC BC 1704.5.2 Masonry in buildings less than three stories in height in structural occupancy category I, II or III.
  • NYC BC 1704.5.3 Masonry in buildings three stories or more in height and engineered masonry in structural occupancy category IV.
  • Tables 1704.5.1 and 1704.5.3 of the 2014 NYC Building Code provide a detailed list of “required verification and inspection of masonry construction”.